Latin America is a very rich region in several aspects, including literature. The region is home to renowned novelists and poets, who also made their works a means of disseminating the political and social trajectory of this part of the American continent, exploring the cultural identity of each country.
Many Latin American poets produced works with a clearly socio-political style, with a tone of protest against the current regime. In contrast, conservative writers have reflected in their works a view dominated by poetry originating in Europe.
In this article, we will learn a little more about some of the main Latin American poets and poets.
Main Latin American poets
Mario Benedetti was a Uruguayan poet, writer and essayist, member of the Generation of 45, along with Vilariño and Juan Carlos Onetti. He is considered one of the main Uruguayan authors, having achieved fame with the publication of “Poemas de Oficina”, one of his best known works. The poet's works also include “Te Quiero”, “La víspera indeleble”, “Noción de Patria”, “A Ras de Sueño”, “La Casa y el Ladrillo”, among others.
Manuel Gutiérrez Najera
Manuel Gutiérrez Najera was a Mexican poet and writer, being considered the precursor of literary Modernism in Mexico. Among his works are the following titles: “La Duquesa Job”, “Hamlet a Ofelia”, “Odas Breves”, “La Serenata de Schubert” and “Non omnis moriar (No moriré del todo).
Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo, better known simply as Jorge Luis Borges, was an Argentine writer, poet, translator, literary critic and essayist. Its international fame was consolidated in the 1960s, with the phenomenon known as the “Latin American boom”. Among his works are "Fervor de Buenos Aires", Luna de Enfrente "," Poems "" El Hacedor "," El Outro, El Mismo "," Los Conjificados "and" La Rosa Profunda ".
Hilda Hilst was a Brazilian poet, fiction writer, chronicler and playwright. Among his literary works, the titles "Presage", "Balada de Alzira", "Roteiro do Silêncio", "Do Desejo", "Do Amor", "Amavisse" and "Bufólicas" stand out.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade
Brazilian poet, short story writer and chronicler, the miner Carlos Drummond de Andrade produced an extensive poetic work, being one of the main poets of the second generation of Brazilian Modernism. Among his extensive production are the following titles: "Some Poetry", "Sentiment of the World"; “José”, “A Rosa do Povo”, “Quadrilha”, “Claro Enigma” and “Amar se Aprende Amando”.
Gabriela Mistral was a Chilean poet, educator and diplomat winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. At 25, Mistral won a poetry contest at Juegos Florais de Santiago, with “Sonetos de La Muerte”. Among his production, the following titles also stand out: “Desolación”, “Ternura”, “Poema de Chile”, “La Oración de la Maestra”, “La Flor del Aire”, “Decálogo del Artista” and others.
Rubén Darío was a Nicaraguan poet, considered the initiator and maximum representative of literary Modernism in Spanish. Darío is considered to be the most influential poet in 20th century poetry in the Hispanic world, receiving the nickname “prince de las letras castellanas”. Among his works are “Abrojos”, “Rimas”, “Azul”, “Cantos de Vida y Esperanza” and “Canto a la Argentina y Otros Poemas”.
Chilean Pablo Neruda is considered one of the most important poets of the Castilian language of the 20th century. Neruda received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Among his literary production, "Twenty Love Poems and a Desperate Song", "Crepusculario", "Tentativa del Hombre Infinito", "Para Nacer he Nacido", "Todo el Amor" ”,“ Odas Elementales ”and“ Estravagario ”.
Ser Juana Inés de la Cruz
Sóror Juana Inés de la Cruz, or simply Sóror Juana, was a New Spanish (Mexican) poet and religious. His literature was centered on freedom and had a militant character, facing without fear the repressive forces of his time. Among his works are “Poems by the only poet, tenth muse, Sóror Juana Inés de la Cruz” and “Second volume of works by Soror Juana Inés de la Cruz.