Pantheon of Aztec Divinities and Their Meanings - PART 6 | Religion and Spirituality | SAHIFAT ASSALAM QATAR 

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Religião e Espiritualidade / 26/06/2020


Pantheon of Aztec Divinities and Their Meanings - PART 6

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Pantheon of Aztec Divinities and Their Meanings - PART 6

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Xochitónal

Continuing our story about the pantheon of Aztec deities and their meanings

61 - Chiconahui

Goddess of home and fertility. She is estimated to be a minor goddess .

Chiconahui is credited with the invention of cosmetics and ornaments for women. It is symbolized with a cane and a shield that is shaped like a foot. Although it is a female figure, it is associated with symbols of war.

62 - Oxomoco

She is the goddess of calendars and astrology and personifies the night. Her name means first woman.Compensation time was added to Cipactli. Whether Oxomoco is the land or the night, Cipactli is the sun or the day. this union comes what would be time or calendar for them.

The great god Quetzalcoatl created them by grinding bones and melting them with his own blood. Cipactli and Oxomoco were the original couple in the new world and who were later considered the creator gods of the Aztec calendar (Balladeer, 2011).

63 - Cipactli

He is a god of light, of radiance, who sent light to earth. He is also considered the god of Aztec calendars and astrology, which he created with his wife Oxomoco.

64 - Xochitónal

He is represented with the figure of an alligator or a gigantic iguana, and is considered a minor Aztec god.

Guard the entrance to the Mictlan underworld, and is responsible for monitoring step for sewage souls Lake must overcome to reach the final break.

The dead were overcome or avoided him to get to meet the Lord of the dead and shadows, Mictlantecuhtli.

65 - Tztlacoliuhqui

It is the Aztec god of winter, ice, frost and cold. He is also the god of human misery and sin. He is responsible for volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and natural disasters.

Sometimes he is represented with a blindfold, symbolizing his work as a watchman, as one who imposes punishments on humans. They say it is made of volcanic or obsidian stone.

66 - Macuiltochtli

Aztec god connected with warriors, with men who died in battles.

He is recognized as one of the totochtin Centzon or lesser gods of drunkenness, drunks and pulque male spirit.

He is worshiped under the figure of a rabbit, a Mesoamerican animal culture that has been associated with excess drunkenness (Aztec Mythology, 2007).

For the Aztecs, there was a set of gods of minor addictions called Macuiltonaleque.

Among them were mainly five:

-Macuilxóchitl (Cinco Flor), divinity of the players, dance and music.

-Macuilcuetzpalin (Cinco Lagartija) god of pleasure.

-Macuilmalinalli (Five Grass), refers to the excessive use of herbs or peyote as stimulants.

-Macuilcozcacuauhtli (Cinco Buitre), god of gluttony.

-Macuiltochtli (Cinco Coelhos), grouped with the gods of pulque or drunkenness

The other gods considered part of the addiction guild are:

Mayahuel (therefore goddess maguei drunkenness), Ometochtli, Tepoztécatl, Tlazolteotl and Huehuecoyotl (atzecas vices gods, 2016).

67 - Téotl

This word means the sovereign god. For the Aztecs, he was the immortal, the creator who owned the world. The eternal, invisible and indestructible. It is equal to the universe, the Aztec deity par excellence.

It is invisible, but it hides beautifully in many ways. First, its appearance is incorporated into the beings of nature, such as trees, flowers, insects and human beings (Aztec Religion: teotl, the generating force of the Universe, 2011).

Téotl was never represented with images, he was only worshiped in a temple located in the city of Texcoco.

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