Atheism | Religion and Spirituality | SAHIFAT ASSALAM QATAR 

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Religião e Espiritualidade / 24/10/2020


Atheism

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Atheism

Fonte TODA MATERIA

Atheism is the denial of the existence of deities or any transcendental experience.

Likewise, atheism only believes in what can be proved by science and, thus, rejects phenomena based on subjective belief.

Meaning of Atheism

Atheism is a word that derives atheist.

This, in turn, has its origin the Greek atheos, that is "without god" (prefix "a" indicating negation + "theos", which means God).

It was used the 5th century BC to designate those who did not believe in the gods or who disrespected their sacred places.

Being Atheist

It is difficult to specify what an atheist would be, because this depends on the definition of the terms "God" and "Deities", which have different connotations according to the cultures in which they arise.

If placed in opposition to its antonym - Theism - considered the belief in one or more deities, an atheist is one who does not believe in a transcendental Being.

However, there are people who believe in the forces of nature, such as pantheists. Likewise, there are religions such as Buddhism and Taoism that follow the teachings of an enlightened being, but who is not considered a deity.

In addition, the atheist may be someone who has a skeptical stance towards supernatural phenomena and has no religious motivations.

It can also be indifferent to paranormal forces (beyond normal) and death would be the end of human existence on earth.

History of Atheism

Since antiquity, there have been people who do not believe in the gods that their community believed.

The best known example is that of Socrates, who was sentenced to death, among other charges, for not believing in the gods.

With the gradual Christianization of European society, the simple fact of doubting the existence of God was no longer well regarded by the Catholic Church. Later, after the Protestant Reformation, atheism was rejected by these new trends.

It was the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment that effectively raised the idea that the Bible and religious tradition did not have all the answers to human questions.

then on, ideologies such as communism and anarchism will openly be atheists.

Types of Atheism

Since there is no atheistic doctrine to determine exactly what not to believe, we find a wide range of disbelieving attitudes.

Spiritualist

Spiritualist atheists are characterized more by skepticism than by denial. Some may identify with “atheistic” religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, etc.

At the same time, spiritualistic atheism seeks a causal explanation for natural phenomena, but without there being a mandatory rejection of the existence of the gods.

Materialistic

There is a current of atheism that is in line with the most materialistic conceptions, in which the existence of any deity or being paranormal is stated.

Some materialistic atheists even seek an end to religion and campaign against the existence of temples, churches and religious education.

Philosophical

Philosophical atheism would be almost a redundancy, since the question of the existence of a Higher Being occupies the study of several philosophers.

After all, the empirical proof of the existence of God is, in itself, a debate that uses figures of speech and philosophics.

The fact that you do not believe in God does not mean that he does not exist. Absence of evidence does not mean evidence of absence. However, until God appears in person, I cannot claim that He exists. Darin McNabb, philosopher, professor at the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Vera Cruz, Mexico

Atheism x Agnosticism

Atheism is often confused with agnosticism. While the atheist declares that there is no divinity, the agnostic claims that he does not have enough knowledge even to prove that he exists or not.

In this way, agnosticism does not even endeavor to prove the existence of God, nor does it bother to refute the contrary thesis.

Main Arguments of Atheism

The main atheistic arguments will clash with concepts of a supernatural and transcendental nature.

His criticism falls, above all, on conceptions that have no proof proven by scientific methods, thus constituting rational arguments to prove divine existence.

Thus, statements that prove the existence of god through personal experience, through tradition, or in a book will not be valid evidence for an atheist.

Symbol of Atheism

Strictly speaking, atheism could not have a symbol, as this is a prerogative of religions. However, in a society that is surrounded by company logos all segments, atheists have also created their visual brand.

The trajectory of the atom and the letter A

A symbol used by atheism is the letter A and the path of an atom to symbolize science

Curiosities

More than 2.5% of the world population considers themselves atheist, while 11.9% say they do not have religious beliefs.

ion.

Eskimos are examples of a people who never believed in gods.

Phrases about Atheism

"It was fear that first brought the Gods to the world." (Gallus Petronius, 1st century Roman courtier)

"Religion is an excellent thing for keeping ordinary people quiet." (Napoleon Bonaparte, French Emperor)

“Believing is easier than thinking. Hence there are many more believers than thinkers. ” (Bruce Calvert)

"The way to see by faith is to close the eyes of reason." (Benjamin Franklin, author and inventor)

"Religion is comparable to childhood neurosis." (Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychoanalyst)

"Faith is often the vanity of the man who is too lazy to investigate." (F. M. Knowles, Canadian painter)


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